Partial nephrectomy surgery is performed under general anesthesia. Partial Nephrectomy can be performed in different kind of techniques:
• Robotic Nephrectomy – Latest method of partial Nephrectomy is robotic Nephrectomy. In this method, specialized robots are used to perform the operation. Surgeons do not operate manually in this kind of a procedure. Robotic Nephrectomy is believed to be the most sterile option, and it has excellent accuracy. This is very important for a partial kidney removal surgery in order to not damage the surrounding tissue and the left of the kidney.
• Laparoscopic Nephrectomy – in this method, surgeons make several small cuts rather than a single big one in order to perform the operation. Through these cuts, a medical tool which involves light and camera, a laparoscope, is inserted. Laparoscopic surgery has a shorter recovery period and less risk for infection in comparison to open Nephrectomy.
• Open Nephrectomy – open Nephrectomy is a typical method for performing partial Nephrectomy. Surgeons make a big incision to perform the operation.
In all of these procedures of partial Nephrectomy, patient's kidney is removed partially sometimes involving the tissue around it.