What is a pacemaker? A pacemaker is a medical device which helps to treat abnormal heart rhythm. Using pacemaker for heart problems is a standard procedure practiced for many years and undergoing constant developments in order to serve patients the best way possible.
As for today, living with a pacemaker is not hard and does not require even regular visits to doctor’s office. For this reason, more and more people decide for pacemaker procedure in order to fight their problems with arrhythmia, brachycardia, and tachycardia.
Currently, there are several pacemaker types available. First of all, there are permanent pacemakers, placed as a response to a chronic abnormal heart rhythm, and temporary pacemakers, providing support for patients after medicine overdose or operations which can affect the heart rhythm in the short run. Apart from classical pacemaker device, there is also a so-called ICD pacemaker or, more correctly, ICD device. ICD pacemaker serves not only to keep heart rhythm at stable level but also to treat occasional severe arrhythmias.
Pacemaker surgery is usually suggested to patients with abnormal heart rhythm. There are at least three medical conditions which can be labelled as ‘abnormal heart rhythm’. These are:
• Brachycardia – patients with brachycardia have too low heart rhythm. Pacemaker procedure may help to keep their rhythm at stable, higher pace.
• Tachycardia – in tachycardia, patients have too quick heart rhythm. Pacemaker operation is useful in bringing their heart rhythm to the normal level.
• Arrhythmia – arrhythmia means irregular heartbeat – it lacks a pattern altogether or loses it from time to time as the result of strenuous physical activity or stress. New generations of pacemakers help to stabilise the abnormal heart rhythm only when it is necessary, leaving patients on their own when their heart rhythm is normal.
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