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Cervical conization is a crucial technique for the prevention of cervical cancer. By performing cervical conization, gynecologists are able to discover the cervical cancer symptoms and the changes which occur before cancer in patient’s cervix. During the cervical conization operation, surgeons remove a small cone-shaped piece from the cervix so as to search for possible cancerous changes. Cervical conization is also called cone biopsy, and it has a crucial role in screening cervical cancer. Also, cervical conization can be used for cervical cancer in cases of abnormal cervical cells, which could not progress into cervical cancer.If the edges of cone biopsy do not contain cancer cells, it is assumed that all abnormal cervical cells were removed with cervical conization procedure.


Female patients whose PAP test indicated that there are changes in the patient’s cervix, and if these changes could not be detected in colposcopy, these patients can be the candidates for cervical conization. Colposcopy is also a gynecological technique performed for searching the abnormal cervical cells (cervical dysplasia). While performing colposcopy, surgeons use a colposcope, which is a medical tool with a magnifying glass. With the use of colposcope, doctors are able to see the cervix. When this method is not effective enough, doctors choose to perform cervical conization so as to identify cancer cells.

Cervical Conization (26 Clinics)

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Ethica Incirli Hospital
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Antalya, Turkey
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Florence Nightingale Istanbul
Istanbul, Turkey
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Medical Park Bahcelievler Hospital
Istanbul, Turkey
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Kolan International Hospital
Istanbul, Turkey
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Ankara, Turkey
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Medical Park Goztepe Hospital
Istanbul, Turkey
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Kolan British Hospital
Lefkosia, Cyprus
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Ota & Jinemed Hospital
Istanbul, Turkey
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If the growth of cervical cancer was indicated by colposcopy, there is no need for to be cervical conization performed. However, some doctors may want to perform cervical conization as well so as to find out about the type of cervical cancer.Additionally, pregnant women are discouraged from having cervical conization.


There is no need for a specific preparation before the cervical conization since the procedure is performed with local anesthesia


For the operation of cervical conization, surgeons may use some of these medical tools:

• Scalpel 
• CO2 laser 
• LEEP (or loop electrosurgical excision procedure). 

Cervical conization operation is performed with local anesthesia since the use of these tools may cause pain and discomfort.


Cervical conization operation does not require a very long recovery period. After resting a couple of days, patients can go back to work. Cervical conization operation is a minimally invasive procedure; therefore, it does not cause major harm to the cervix or other organs. To some extent, patients may experience bleeding, which would last for a few days, but you should contact your doctor if you experience excessive bleeding.Women are advised to use pads instead of tampons and refrain from douching for the period of few weeks after cervical conization.


Even though cervical conization is a minimally invasive and outpatient operation, still there are some risks and complications involved. These are excessive bleeding,cervical stenosis (narrowing) and cervical incompetence, when the cervix is not able to stay closed during pregnancy, requiring a cervical cerclage.


A side effect of cervical conization includes limited bleeding and vaginal discharge. Yet, these effects would last for a week after the operation.


What Is a Cervical Conization? 

Cervical conization is a procedure for the identification ofcervical cancer symptoms and changes in the patient’s cervix.

Is LEEP the Best Device for Cervical Conization? 

LEEP is a new method which gains good opinions among gynecologists, but it does not mean that other devices such as laser or scalpel are worse – in the hands of an experienced gynecologist all of them can give good results in looking for cervical cancer.

What are the Causes of Cervical Cancer? 

Most of the time, cervical cancer develops as a result of HPV.Therefore, an HPV vaccination program is being developed as a part of cervical cancer prevention. With the help of cervical conization changes such as cervical dysplasia which is caused by HPV, can be detected.


How many days should I travel/stay abroad to do the treatment?

You can expect to get back to work within 1 week after the surgery. 


This content is written and reviewed by our medical content team in August, 2019.